"IPRASM" Level Four Riding and Stable Management


Independently be able to correctly adjust your stirrups and tighten the girth while mounted

Pony is controlled throughout. Feet are left in stirrups whilst they are altered. Girths are checked to see that there is room to slide four fingers between the girth and the horse. Girth is tightened one hole at a time.


Be able to hold and use a short whip correctly and know when to use it.

Whip is held in the inside hand, and is swapped when the rider changes the rein. Care is taken when swapping the whip to the other side not to frighten the pony. The whip is used to reinforce the leg aids.


Be able to pick up the correct diagonal in rising trot without being prompted.

The rider sits when the "outside" shoulder is back underneath them, and the "inside" shoulder is forwards. When changing the rein the rider "sits" for one extra beat to swap diagonals.


Be able to ride accurately on the inner track, and ride shallow loops in walk and trot.

Click here to see a diagram of the inner track and shallow loops. Use the back button on your browser to return to this page.


Understand and explain how to ride a correct transition into canter

The rider prepares the transition by first checking the position and taking sitting trot. The horse should then be flexed to the inside, around the riders inside leg. The outside leg gives an aid "behind the girth" to signal to go in to canter. It is easier to do this in a corner. The rider should understand that the horse has a "leading leg" in canter.


Be able to get the horse into canter and maintain it for a few steps, with assistance from coach if required.

The rider must be able to maintain balance and position whilst riding the transition. The rider must be able to move with the horses "3 beat" rhythm in canter.


Be able to maintain a forward working hand in all paces and transitions

The rider must be able to maintain their balance and position, independently of the reins, in order that their hand does not pull backwards for security. The rider should be able to use a handle or neckstrap if they become insecure.


Be able to work without stirrups in the walk and for small intervals of trot.

The rider must be able to maintain balance and security when riding without stirrups by developing an "independent seat" When riding without stirrups they should be crossed over the front of the saddle, left over right. The rider should understand that riding without stirrups is the best way to develop better balance abs suppleness.


To be able to ride over 3 trotting poles whilst maintaining a light seat.

The rider should maintain their balance when riding on a shorter stirrup leather in order to lighten their seat. They should maintain enough energy in the trot, and should ride in a straight line over the centre of the poles.


Be able to perform a variety of gymnastic exercises on the horse at halt whilst it is being held. 

The rider should have the confidence and the balance, as well as the trust in the horse to perform basic gymnastic exercises to develop suppleness and coordination.


Be able to groom your pony efficiently and thoroughly.

Rider must recognise all the different items of the grooming kit. Pony must be tied up whilst being groomed. Rider must be able to use brushes effectively, following the the ponys coat. They must know the reasons for grooming, and the basic safety rules of grooming. Click here for more information on grooming.


Know the importance of keeping a tidy and clean working environment.

Rider must understand the dangers to people and horses of an untidy yard.


Safely pick out all four feet in the stable


Pony is held or tied up to stay safe and secure. Rider shows awareness when moving around the pony. Rider shows awareness of positioning of pony when near walls. Feet are picked up and held up securely. Feet are cleaned out thoroughly. Riders should consider picking the feet out into a skip if the pony is quiet and sensible.


Be able to correctly un-tack your pony independently.

Pony is either held or tied up to the wall. Stirrups are secured "up". Girth is undone carefully and made secure. Saddle is removed by sliding backward. The bridle is removed by undoing the throat latch and the noseband, then easing the bridle over the ponys ears. ponys boots if worn are removed. The pony is not let loose until he has been made comfortable, and the sack removed form the stable, and the door is shut.


Be able to recognise 5 signs of a healthy horse.

Click here to see more information on signs of a healthy horse. Use the back button on your browser to return to this page.


Know why we clean the horses tack, and what to look for when cleaning tack.

Click here to see more information on cleaning tack. Use the back button on your browser to return to this page.


Be able to clean tack after exercise and put away.

Tack should be cleaned efficiently and put away safely and securely.


Have a basic knowledge of the rules of water and feeding.

Click here to see more information on feeding and watering. Use the back button on your browser to return to this page.