"IPRASM" Level Three Riding and Stable Management

Unit Number

Competence Objective



Independently be able to safely lead your assigned pony from the stable to the mounting block.

Stable door open wide. Stirrups "up". Reins forward over ponys head. Stand by the ponys left shoulder to lead.  Show awareness of other horses and ponies in the area. 


Independently be able to carry out safety checks and organise yourself ready to mount.

Pony is kept hold off and kept in control. Rider is aware of ponys attitude and confidence. Sallde and bridle are checked for comfort for the pony. Girth is tightened and stirrups adjusted.


Mount pony at the mounting block without assistance

Pony is positioned correctly. Rider is aware of ponys attitude and confidence. The rider holds the reins securely at the front of the saddle. Stirrup leathers are not twisted. Rider lands lightly on the ponys back and does not kick the pony on the hind quarters when mounting.  


Be able to ride into trot off the lead rein and maintain sitting trot for at least 10 steps.

The rider prepares to trot by checking that the position is correct and then gently applies both legs to the ponys sides, reinforcing with the voice or the whip if necessary. The rider is able to maintain their position in sitting trot for a at least 10 steps holding the neck strap or safety handle at first if required.


Be able to maintain balance and rhythm in the rising trot for at least 1 circuit of the arena .

The rider can rise to the trot without pulling on the reins to maintain their balance. The rider can maintain their balance and position whilst turning corners.


Understand how to ride on the correct diagonal and be able to change diagonals when told.

Rider understands the principle of a two time rhythm and can make changes of diagonal without loosing balance or becoming dependent on the reins.


Be able to ride on the outer track and 20 metre circles at A, B, C or E in walk and trot.

The rider knows the difference between the outer track and the inner track. The rider can ride 20 metre circles in a standard arena. click here to see a diagram of a standard riding arena with 20 metre circles shown.


Be able to maintain a good posture and balance whilst riding transitions between halt, walk and trot

The rider prepares all transitions by checking that the position is correct. Aids are gently applied, and, reinforced with the voice or the whip if necessary. The rider is able to remain in sitting trot for a at least 5 steps when making upwards transitions.


Be able to maintain a forward balanced seat out the saddle for one circuit of the arena.

The rider can shorten the stirrups if necessary and can maintain balance in a forward position, independent of the reins, in walk and trot.


To be able to take your pony over single trotting poles.

The rider can ride a straight line to the centr of a pole on the floor, and can look straight ahead as they go over the pole. They can stay in balance over the pole without depending on the reins for support.


Show a basic understanding of the horses instincts and natural behaviour.

Recognise signs of relaxation, tension and different types of behavior in ponies. Be able to explain how to deal with different behavior in ponies. Recognise ponys facial expressions and the ear position. Know when to ask for help with a difficult pony.Be able to explain herd instincts and fight and flight instincts.


With assistance be able to un-tack your pony. (Saddle only)

Pony is either held or tied up to the wall. Stirrups are secured "up". Girth is undone carefully and made secure. Saddle is removed by sliding backwards, and the pony is made comfortable, being brushed off if necessary.


Recognise 3 different types of bit.

Click hereto see a chart of different bits.


Be able to identify 12 different points of the horse

Click here to see a diagram of points and markings. Use the back button on your computer to return to this page.


Show a basic understanding of why and how we look after a pony after exercise.

Recognise signs that the pony has worked hard, sweating, out of breath and tired. Understand the need for the pony to cool down gently and not get chilled. Understand the need to remove sweat.


With assistance pick out all four feet after riding

Pony is held or tied up to stay safe and secure. Rider shows awareness when moving around the pony. Rider shows awareness of positioning of pony when near walls. Feet are picked up and held up securely. Feet are cleaned out thoroughly.


With assistance be able to tie up a horse or pony using a quick release knot

Suitable length of rope is used. Quick release knot is used. The reasons why a link of string is used is discussed and understood. Click here to see more about tying horses up.