"IPRASM" Level Two Riding and Stable Management


Unit Number

Competence Objective



Independently prepare your pony to be mounted at the mounting block, checking the girth and taking down the stirrups.

Reins  over ponys head on the neck. Pony held at all times. Girths tightened. Stirrups down and adjusted as accurately as possible. Chim strap done up. 


To be able to mount your pony independently, using a mounting block. (Pony may be held by an assistant)

Pony is positioned correctly. Rider is aware of ponys attitude and confidence. Pony is kept under control , and the rider holding the reins securely at the front of the saddle. Stirrup leathers are not twisted. Rider lands lightly on the ponys back and does not kick the pony on the hind quarters when mounting.  


To independently (off the lead rein) apply the correct aids to walk your pony.

Before applying the leg aids the rider sits up and checks the position. Leg aids with both legs are applied gently, and reinforced with the voice or the whip if necessary. 


To independently (off the lead rein) apply the correct aids to halt your pony.

 Before applying the aids the rider sits up and checks the position. Keeping the leg gently in place, and sitting tall and still, gentle pressure is applied equally to both reins. If applicable the pony is patted on the neck for being obedient.


To independently (off the lead rein) be able to turn your pony left and right in walk as directed by your coach.

Rein aids are given clearly but gently, without the hands raising or lowering excessively. The inside leg stays at the girth and the outside leg goes behind the girth.


With assistance if needed, (leader) be able to correctly move your pony into trot, and maintain sitting trot.

The rider prepares to trot by checking that the position is correct and then gently applies both legs to the ponys sides, reinforcing with the voice or the whip if necessary.  Rider sits and can feel the rhythm of the trot without bouncing.


Demonstrate rising trot on the lead rein for at least 20 metres.

Rider can rise in the rhythm of the trot using the handle bar if required but not pulling backwards on the reins.


Be able to maintain a secure and balanced position in the walk and trot.

Rider can maintain an upright position keeping the lower leg secure, with the shoulder/hip/heel line remaining vertical.


Be able to safely and correctly dismount your pony, independently.

The halt is established first, then the reins are taken into one hand. Both feet are taken out of the stirrup irons, and then the rider leans forwards and swings the right leg over the ponys hind quarters taking care not to kick the pony. The rider lands on both feet by the ponys side, facing forwards. The stirrups are run up, and the girth is slackened. 


Know where “X” is in the school.

Click here to see a diagram of a standard arena.



Show understanding of the ponys behaviour and body language

Recognise signs of relaxation, tension and different types of behavior in ponies. Be able to explain how to deal with different behavior in ponies. Recognise ponys facial expressions and the ear position. Know when to ask for help with a difficult pony.


Be able to remember and identify six main parts of the saddle.

Click here to see a diagram of the parts of the saddle and bridle. You will need to use the back button on your screen to return to this page.  


Be able to remember and identify six main parts of the bridle.



Be able to identify six different points of the horse.

Click here to see a diagram of points and markings. Use the back button on your computer to return to this page.



Be able to identify three different markings on the horse.




With assistance pick out the front feet after riding.

The pony is kept in control by a leader. The feet are picked up, and the ponies knee is bent so that the rider does not have to lean right down to the floor. A hoof pick is used to clean out the foot, showing awareness of the "frog". The foot is placed back on the floor and not dropped.


With assistance put on a headcollar or halter.

The rider knows how the headcollar is put on and is able to approach the horse or pony quietly.